A career in the field of psychology can be reasonably exciting as well as challenging. Psychologists study emotional, cognitive, and social processes and human behavior through observation. They also use other techniques such as interpreting, and recording how people relate to one another and their environments. Forbes has placed psychologist in its list of the Best Jobs for Women (2013).
Psychologists can be of many types such as:
School Psychologists – They make use of psychological techniques to resolve education and development related issues.
Forensic Psychologists – They examine psychological principles in the criminal justice system.
Clinical Psychologists – They enable people to deal with various problems ranging from short-term personal issues to chronic conditions. Some clinical psychologists focus on certain populations, such as children or the elderly while other focus on certain specialties, such as health psychology and neuropsychology.
What is a Child Psychologist?
Child psychologists are a type of clinical psychologists who focus on children related psychological issues. They are responsible for assessing, diagnosing, and treating mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders within children and help them deal with problems ranging from short-term personal issues to severe, chronic conditions using a variety of approaches. Besides, they also identify psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnose disorders. Interviewing patients, conducting diagnostic tests, and providing individual or group psychotherapy are some of the tasks that these professionals perform. Child psychologists may also consult with other medical personnel regarding the best treatment for patients, especially treatment that includes medication.
If you have patience, strong analytical skills and enjoy working with children, becoming a child psychologist can be a suitable career choice. Employment of clinical psychologists including child psychologists is likely to increase in the coming years (2012 and 2022), according to the information by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
How to Become a Child Psychologist?
Child psychologists generally hold a PhD or specialist degree in psychology. However, in some case, a master’s degree in psychology may suffice, as well, according to the BLS. A PhD in psychology is a research based degree that includes a dissertation as well as a comprehensive exam. Students may also have to complete a yearlong internship.
How Long Does it Take to Become a Child Psychologist?
A PhD in psychology or a Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) degree generally takes 5-7 years to complete, but the duration of the program may vary based on the program type and other factors such as the enrollment status of the students.
PhD candidates will study a range of topics and also select a specialty area, such as personality, perceptual or language development, learning or psychobiology. Curriculum may include instruction in subjects such as:
History of child development theories
Processes of emotional development
Processes of social development
Linear and regression statistics
Probability and inferential statistics
Students who want to become a child psychologist can also complete a master’s degree that may take 2-3 years of full-time study depending on the enrollment status of the students. Master’s degree generally includes courses in statistics, research design, and industrial-organizational psychology. Most of these programs do not require students to hold an undergraduate degree in psychology, but students must complete courses in introductory psychology, statistics and experimental psychology at the undergraduate level.
According to the BLS, some doctoral programs may require students to hold a master’s degree in psychology while others accept candidates with a bachelor’s degree in psychology.
To successfully enroll in the PhD program, students should demonstrate overall academic excellence and submit Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores.
Do I Need a License?
In most states, child psychologists need a license to practice. Licensure requirements usually include:
A doctorate in psychology
Pass the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology
Complete an internship
Licensed psychologists may also have to participate in continuing education programs to keep their licenses.
Important Qualities for Child Psychologists
Observational skills – Child psychologists must be able to observe children, understand and interpret the possible meanings of children’s facial expressions, body positions and actions.
Analytical skills – These professionals should also have strong analytical skills so that they may scrutinize the information they gather and draw conclusions from it.
Patience – Absolutely essential for this profession is patience. Dealing with children with different emotional or psychological issue can be very challenging so child psychologists need to demonstrate a lot of patience.
Communication skills – Child psychologists need to have good communication skills as their work involves listening and speaking with children of all age groups.
Interpersonal skills – Person-to-person skills are also imperative for child psychologists so that they may work well with children having diverse issues.
Problem-solving skills – Psychologists must also demonstrate problem-solving skills so that they may treat children and find appropriate solutions for their behavioral and mental problems.
Where Do Child Psychologists Work?
Child psychologists generally work in educational services, healthcare and social assistance. Some of them also work in private practice and have their own offices. Other workplace settings for these professionals include:
Community and mental health centers
According to the BLS, child psychologists that fall under the category of clinical psychologists earned a median annual income of $67,650 in 2012. Factors such as location, qualification, experience and area of expertise may help to determine the income of these professionals.
Career Prospects for Child Psychologists
Career outlook for child psychologists look positive between 2012 and 2022, the BLS notes. Employment of these professionals is likely to grow at the rate of 11% from 2012 to 2022. The BLS cites that increasing demand for psychological services in hospitals, schools, social services agencies, and mental health centers, is expected to spur job growth.
Demand for child psychologists will grow as children will continue to need the services of these professionals to help solve or manage their problems. Besides, demand for these professionals in the healthcare sector is also likely to increase as their joint work with other healthcare professionals, social workers and doctors, provide children with comprehensive treatments.
How to become a Child Psychologist in Texas?
To become a Child Psychologist in Texas, you will first need to earn a bachelor’s degree, followed by a master’s degree in Psychology. A bachelor’s degree would take four years to complete and would have approximately 120 credit hours. A master’s in Psychology would take about 60-70 credit hours. For licensing in the state of Texas your graduate program should have a minimum of 60 credit hours, with a maximum of 12 credit hours of internship. After this, you will need to get a doctorate degree – a PsyD (Doctor of Psychology) or a PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) in Clinical Child Psychology. You will then need to pass the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) and the Jurisprudence Examination. After that you will have to apply to become a provisionally licensed psychologist and gain two years of professional experience in your area of training. Submit your application to the Board to get your license.
How to Become a Child Psychologist in California?
The first step to become a child psychologist in California is to earn a bachelor’s degree in psychology, followed by a master’s degree in psychology. You may take up courses in child psychology during these degrees. You will then have to get a PhD degree in Clinical Child Psychology or Clinical Psychology with concentration in Child Development. For licensure in California, you will need to get some supervised professional experience. After this, you will have to pass two tests to receive your license to practice psychology in the state – the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) and the California Psychology Law and Ethics Examination. You can then request your license from the Board.