After the denial of 1966-76's Cultural Revolution in China, the advancement of China's education system was geared to the modernization of economic structure. China decided in 1984 to pass laws and regulations to ignite a proper and sustainable educational system after the continuous struggle and demands of the officials for the betterment of an educational system in China. Finally, in 1985, a plan was put forward for the complete reformation of the Chinese education system. According to the plan a State Education Commission (SEC) was to be established whose sole purpose was to make compulsory education at least for the first nine years. Ample funding became available to the SEC to immediately implement new rules and regulations. In fact, the amount of fund rose for the five year span of 1986-90 was 72 percent more than the funds allocated to the previous education plan. In 1984 only 10.4 percent of the total state budget was allocated for the growth in educational system. And in 1986, the amount drastically increased to 16.8 percent of the total budget of the state. . The main purpose of the Cultural Revolution was to educate people regarding the universal equality among people from different walks of life. This was in reflection with the purpose of the "Great Leap Forward" and the "Socialist Education Movement".
Mt Lyon Institute of Tiffin University
Southern New Hampshire University
The Chinese Communist Party leadership strongly believed that modernization revolved around the development of a proper and sustainable educational system. During the 1980s, the Chinese leadership prioritized the education of technology. Research work and practical training were both encouraged. Practical and technical training was given the supreme importance to clinch their aim of modernization. The Chinese were able to deliver this critical objective was keeping the view the importance of humanity. In 1976, the Chinese leadership directed the communities to pursue Western education. During this specific era, the West was progressing rapidly in scientific knowledge and technology. Keeping in view the drastic development in the West, the Chinese leadership encouraged their truth to gain Western education and enhance the technology of China. During the revolution the Chinese culture and literacy was also re-born and flourished yet again.
The SEC was able to successfully implement the law of ensuring that every Chinese goes through at least nine years of education. This step alone drastically reduced the illiteracy level from 80% to just 5%. Till date, approximately 60 million people have been educated and trained through this education system. The overall impact of this policy gave birth to a completely new ideology among the Chinese masses. The Chinese finally realized the importance of knowledge and its critical role in the overall development of the economy. Today, more than 98% children are enrolled in elementary schools all across China. 94.1% of students are enrolled in high schools. Just over a decade ago, there was a scarcity of MBA graduates in China. But according to an educational consensus report in 2004, 47,000 MBAs graduates were in china. The 47,000 MBA students graduated from 62 colleges and universities that taught MBA courses.
The main purpose of the reform was to modernize china by revamping its education system so that china could make its mark and compete with other developed countries. Though the management of the education system was transferred from government to the local level so that the system could be operated even better, but centralized authority still lies in the hand of government and a uniform standard for the qualification of teachers and text books to be studied were also set. Reforms goal to advance the education system in china seems to be going in right direction, to date.